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This article first appeared at Fort Russ News

In the EU accession process absorbing the former socialist states of Eastern Europe, there is a ‘trick chapter’ that is opened, and immediately closed, as a mere formality. This is chapter 26 concerning “Culture and Education” wherein the rationale for this chapter as a formality only is:

“the area of culture and education entails no common EU alignment criteria and thus no closing benchmarks”

Setting culture aside, at first sight it should be a curious thing there would be no European Union benchmark for some conformity or demand of a certain educational values or standard. The raison d’être behind this curious omission should no doubt surprise (or discover denial in) those most concerned with education, more often surprise in the smaller community educator and more often denial in the academics at the national political level. The short explanation for this curious absence is, if there were a European Union standard with office and liaison to those political appointments assigned to educational values within the diverse nation-state governments, this would provide a tangible target that is undesirable to the Western European agenda in its drive to conform those states to a certain perspective; whilst noting social perspectives are a large part of the currency of the several intelligence agencies professional propagandists.

Balkans Map - 1

This brief intelligence assessment details the invisible (to most) subversion of education in Europe’s former socialist states, by external spy agencies, primarily the Germans, in their drive to rehabilitate image & gain influence.

Civil society ‘non governmental organizations’ (NGOs) have a long history as fronts through which various forms of espionage are carried out. Typically this sort of espionage is carried out with the employ of ‘cells’ within organizations where many or even most employees of the NGO are not privy to so much as understanding there is a clandestine organization deliberately embedded within their organization.

These non-governmental organizations operating out of Western Europe are a closely interwoven tapestry where all aspects of shaping the ‘political culture’ of former socialist states are carefully crafted to receive public support in the initiating nation-states via feedback loop where ‘cultivating’ and ‘shaping’ the foreign target is not the only objective; but also propagandizing the populations of the states where the social subversion originates from is also important in relation to targeting. The model for accomplishing this is Western Christianity’s history of evangelism; bringing the ‘good news’ (gospel) to the infidel is little different in the social psychology of Western Europe to ‘reforming’ the former socialist states.

Example of this can found in the German non-governmental organization N-OST [1], a media concern for ‘development of democratic media in Eastern Europe’ that ties to a veritable conglomerate of spy agency fronts including the CIA’s own National Endowment for Democracy, not only the German Foreign Ministry, but also notably the Konrad Adenauer Siftung, Angela Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union aligned political apparatus that trains and ‘rehabilitates’ the Nazi SS celebrating anti-Russian radicals who had overthrown the government of Ukraine in 2014. [2]

Adding to the insulation of the spy agency’s agenda is the practice of manipulating unsuspecting employees and the targets through the practice of empathy via socialization, and related educational ‘training’ that actually is manipulating psychology to ‘shape’ people’s sympathies via what could be called a ‘soft cultivating’ of prejudice. In spy parlance, this is cultivating agents (who do not have the faintest idea of what is happening to them) via false flag ‘sales.’ The point is, when you have shaped someone’s psychology to become a vehicle for your agenda in, for instance academia, you have the perfected ‘Manchurian Candidate’, whether a professor or administrator, shaped by the NGO into a working asset for the agency.

When the foreign interest has created enough of these mentalities within the state institutions, it becomes a self-replicating social organism that takes on a life of its own and over time becomes a growing talent pool from which, example given is universities rewriting history or other objectives are accomplished. By some point in this process, if all goes to plan, much of the core leadership in education at the top of the institution’s social structure will have become a foreign tool manipulating the state’s interests.

The most insidious (and important) of these NGOs are those concerning themselves with education, particularly targeting the universities’ students, where the more intelligent, but also impressionable, youth are subjected to influence and a legal form of bribery through scholarships and educational opportunities abroad where these future ‘hand-picked elites’ will learn to serve interests exterior to, and opposed to their own, national interest. You see these programs advertised via such mission statements as have been recently available via the Konrad Adenauer Siftung (KAS.)

“We cooperate with governmental institutions, political parties, civil society organizations and handpicked elites, building strong partnerships along the way. In particular we seek to intensify political cooperation in the area of development cooperation at the national and international levels on the foundations of our objectives and values” [3]

“In order to discuss important societal issues and to put them on the political agenda the KAS organizes conferences, panel discussions and lectures. In addition, we arrange seminars, workshops and simulation games to fulfil our aims regarding political education, consulting and training”

“The KAS .. works within a tightly knit network of institutional partners. Among them are the [parliament], the Presidential administration as well as .. political party structures, NGOs, universities and think tanks” [4]

These are carefully crafted ‘false-flag’ programs wherein the future intelligentsia of the targeted nation-state are carefully conformed to the cultural perspectives desired by initiating agencies or clandestine services.

For instance the Konrad Adenauer Siftung has had an office in Belgrade since 2001. By 2020, this organization has been cultivating academics in Serbia for nearly twenty years; where the KAS protege that graduated university in 2005 is possibly a 15 years career veteran of one or another state institution, political party, university academic or administrator. These are all people who’ve had their psychology and perspective ‘shaped’ to suit the Western Europe perspective with a ‘soft prejudice’ produced via appeal to the ‘sophistication’ and ‘superiority’ of the Western European educational model and extant universities where the Eastern European academic youth will be subverted to a point of view inimical to his or her national interest.

In short, this is a finessed form of seduction typical of clandestine services psychological operations playing on ego via flattery, spiced with opportunity, through, among other nominally ‘peer to peer’ associations, the supposed educator to educator peer relationship. The lie involved is simple; “this is good for humanity, it is good for your nation and it is good for your career.”

It is from within this carefully cultivated ‘talent pool’ of narcissism there will be assessments of individuals to determine who will best fit certain ‘gambits’ to be made in the subversion of the targeted larger society. Some will be prone to sincerely ‘believe’ in their ‘mission’ no matter symptoms indicating a converse circumstance in actuality (denial.) Others might demonstrate character weakness indicating opportunity to entrap the person with a bribe or other form of corruption and hold the potential for blackmail. Sex is a tried and true formula, especially recording encounters of the closet homosexual where opportunity to introduce one of these to sex with an underage partner is considered a ‘premium’ development of ‘talent.’ These will be the people afforded greater access to ‘power’, whether through invitation to diplomatic social events or other means.

These ‘premium assets’ will then be positioned as closely as possible to the apex of the political structures; but should not necessarily have to be, example given, a ‘minister’ or their direct assistants. It is sometimes preferred these positions of power be occupied by less intelligent (and intellectually insecure) political persons that can be influenced but are also expendable in case where if the desired outcome fails, the cultivated asset’s ability to influence remains intact and available for future chances.

In case where, for instance, the Serbian education minister becomes the target of the rank and file educators (teachers and lower level administrators) for some seeming incompetence such as historical revisionism in textbooks made available for purchase for use by the schools, taken together with the education system’s newly computerized administrative tools having been outsourced to foreign business, as is alleged to be the case in Serbia in the Spring of 2020 by the Union of Educators for the district of Moravicki Okrug, were the educators reasons for rebellion substantiated and the revolt to be successful with the education minister dismissed, actually what has happened is only one snake’s head has been cut off from what amounts to a Medusa; because the rebellious educators are looking vertically at a horizontal construction. For this fact, chances are very strong that any political appointment stepping into the ministry position as a replacement will become another manifestation of the same gorgon’s head.

Meanwhile, counter-intelligence will be mostly focused on military matters, in circumstance where education, although perhaps monitored for matters of classic espionage (spies), will be left largely alone to function ‘normally.’ Most of the cultivated agents in this sector are essentially ignorant of their own roles, and those which are blackmailed and/or willful traitors, will be perceived as a lesser threat where a cost analysis determines cleaning up and securing education would pay too great a price; because the accusations and resultant legal mechanisms that would see hysterical coverage by the Western propaganda machine will be cast in a light of ‘political persecutions’ subjecting the state to international prosecutions.

Essentially, what the Western world’s clandestine services have sorted is, a mostly legal method of shaping the future of states like Serbia; via influence in education with form of legal bribery through socialization, scholarships and ‘privileged’ other opportunities, cultivating perspectives in academia. The Russian method of dealing with circumstance of this nature has been, recently, to require foreign NGOs to register as agents and restrict their activities; even going so far as to ban some organizations. But Russia has no pretense of joining the EU and EU has little effective tools for coercion in Russia.

Insofar as historical revisionism, this will be on the plate in ever expanding menu of shaping the future perspective of Serbians; in which case it should be noted how historical revisionism is a mainstay of the Western European structure with short example of none other than Konrad Adenauer himself.

“The Dulles brothers were traitors” -USA Supreme Court Justice Arthur Goldberg

Dwight Eisenhower’s Secretary of State (foreign minister) John Foster Dulles, and his brother, the longest ever serving Director of the CIA, Allen Dulles, were pre-world war (II) business partners with the 3rd Reich. [5]

In the immediate post war years, both were instrumental in rehabilitating many of the Reich’s worst war criminals, in partnership with the government of Konrad Adenauer. It was Allen Dulles’ CIA rescued as much as possible of the 3rd Reich’s Eastern Front intelligence apparatus and together with the hire of at least one hundred former SS and Gestapo officers, created ‘The Gehlen Organization’ (named after it’s commander, Reinhard Gehlen, Hitler’s anti-Soviet intelligence chief and a major war criminal) which was then gifted to Konrad Adenauer as Germany’s post war clandestine spy service or BND (Bundesnachrichtendienst.) [6] Konrad Adenauer himself was complicit in the pardon of convicted war criminal Alfred Krupp who had employed Gestapo supervised slave labor (mostly Russians) in his factories supplying the Nazi war machine. Krupp was released from prison and his personal fortune restored. [7]

“The chapter of collective guilt for militarists alongside activists and beneficiaries of the National Socialist regime must be ended, once and for all. I think we now need to finish with this sniffing out of Nazis” -Konrad Adenauer [8]

None of this is printed in the Western European history books, a case of historical revisionism concealing the counterfeit ‘rehabilitation’ of Nazis.

Incidental to this, ‘Ambassador’ Arndt Freytag von Loringhoven, a former German clandestine spy services (BND) director & NATO’s current intelligence chief [9] is the son of Hitler’s last serving staff intelligence officer, Berndt Freytag von Loringhoven, [10] a more than ironic symbology where a context has been proposed, in online education provided by the Serbian state, that NATO is actually a ‘peace organization.’ [11]

“There is not the smallest reason for confounding nationalism, which is the desire of a people to be itself, with imperialism, which is the desire of a people to prevent other peoples from being themselves” -Cicily Isabel Fairfield

Despite Fairfield’s astute observation (in perhaps the greatest intelligence assessment ever written on the Balkans – Black Lamb & Grey Falcon) concerning the actual nature of nationalism, it is perfectly predictable that any attempts by Serbia’s educators and politicians to rectify this circumstance would be met by the imperial ambitions of NATO & the German dominated EU with propagandized accusations of ‘nationalism’, painting all Serbian patriots with a single brush via a word that has been weaponized; no matter the individuals’ character. In other words, trumpeting the word ‘nationalist’ and pointing a finger, the Western European propaganda machine will send the message to its own peoples ‘these Serbs are behaving like baboons who should be put in their place’ or that is to say those close to real Nazis, concealing their own history & motivations, will accuse the Serbs of being Nazis.

“Give me the child until he is seven and I care not who has him thereafter” -Ignatius of Loyola

It follows, this statement alleged to have been made by the founder of the ‘educator’ Society of Jesuits, is of the utmost importance in the context of this circumstance. If Serbia, as has been planned for with a World Bank loan of fifty million euro, proceeds to make state education mandatory from the age of three years with the sort of outside ‘expertise’ noted in this assessment, the future capture of the nation-state by Western empire will have been made complete. Directly relevant to this, Serbia’s notable ability to produce genius will have been extinguished. In the educational model to now, where the child begins proper school at age 6-7 years, although certainly not available to all per family circumstance, there are those pre-school children who will explore and develop the mind in ways pointing to future creative genius that excludes uniform education beginning at age three. The naturally endowed intelligence in a child provided daycare by the grandparents might, by chance, time to time, somehow resemble the method of Maria Montessori, or other natural development of a bright child’s mind, mapping the mind in manner opening doors to a future genius. This opportunity is being taken away.

Finally, the coup de grâce over education in Serbia is already underway; where disciplinary method has been removed from the schools’ power and the ‘liberal’ method allows disobedience & disrespect to disrupt the class, lessons, and quality of education, not only robbing the respectful students, but will drive out of the Serbian education system’s future many bright and devoted minds or those passionate professionals truly devoted to children. After, the only quality education will be those private educations available to the elites.

Successful imperialism requires a stupid citizenry.

 

References

[1] https://archive.li/QzDF0

[2] https://archive.li/cpiSF

[3] https://archive.li/uP1rZ

[4] https://archive.li/w7mdc

[5] https://archive.li/fdsJb

[6] https://archive.li/Onqda

[7] https://archive.li/4iiYP

[8] https://archive.li/zGREa

[9] https://archive.li/hT5wb

[10] https://archive.li/zBMTc

[11] https://archive.li/Vr0KI

 

A former Sergeant of Operations and Intelligence for Special Forces, Ronald Thomas West is a retired investigator (living in exile) whose work focus had been anti-corruption. Ronald had lived over thirty years in close association with Blackfeet Indians (those who still speak their language), and is published in international law as a layman: The Right of Self- Determination of Peoples and It’s Application to Indigenous People in The USA or The Mueller-Wilson Report, co-authored with Dr Mark D Cole. Ronald has been adjunct professor of American Constitutional Law at Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany (for English credit, summer semester 2008.) Ronald’s formal educational background (no degree) is social psychology. His therapeutic device is satire.

Contact: penucquemspeaks@googlemail.com

NATO’s April Fool Award

Serbia vs Kosovo:

Squatters crossed Serbia’s property line, threw out the caretakers and claimed the farm for their own. When Serbia had reasserted title over what had been rightly their farm, bandits roused others, jealous of Serbia, beat the rightful owner up and kicked him off the land.

This was a robbery.

Spain vs Catalonia:

One family of Romans became two families with a divided farm. The brother, Madrid, has always treated the sister, Barcelona, with arrogant, forceful contempt, and continues insisting on dictating her affairs.

This is a habit of domestic violence.

If Madrid, a fraternal brother of NATO, does not presently wish to be associated with responsibility for this (hint: it’s not the ethnic Serbs in black uniforms) …

…almost certainly the real reason is because it closely resembles this…

…in circumstance where Madrid is exploiting Serbia having been robbed, to justify Madrid’s habit of domestic violence in Catalonia.

There are two victims in these circumstance, Belgrade & Barcelona, and one of those victims might easily become a public relations fool, as European Union institutions will be slowly turning on Madrid; because the present manifestation of Spanish fascism relating to Catalonia is too crude, by far, to be sustained and maintain a public relations illusion of democracy. The end result could easily be, Serbia embracing Spain’s friendship in the matter of Kosovo, will become a wide public perception Serbia had embraced what amounts to the legacy of Francisco Franco.

Meanwhile, going to ‘friendship’, has Madrid compensated Serbia, together with issuing a formal, public, apology for this next?

“F/A-18 Hornets of the Spanish Air Force were the first NATO planes to bomb Belgrade”

No? I didn’t think so. Friend of geopolitical convenience? Certainly.

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Revolt of 1857

^ ‘Blowing from a Gun’ depicted by Vasily Vereshchagin in his painting ‘Suppression of the Indian Revolt by the English’ on the rebellion of 1857. Queen Victoria’s agent bought this painting, in an attempt to suppress it. ‘Blowing from the Gun’ was a means of execution where the prisoner is tied to the muzzle of a cannon, which is then fired, popping the victim’s head about 15 meters (50 feet) into the air, apparently a sort of juvenile entertainment for the colonizers

Following colonization, along came ‘decolonization’ and what do you suppose happened with colonial borders? They mostly remained as laid down by the colonizers. Where were the ‘decolonization’ rules written down? In the colonizers (western) international law. What is the economic system inherited by the colonized states? More or less, the colonizers system of western capitalism.

Whether it is the leadership of China wearing the western attire inherited from Karl Marx, The Native American ‘Business Council’ member in a coat and tie, or the numerous Black Africans suited up at the United Nations, the heritage of being colonized is in every direction one looks.

Colonization wasn’t only the physical presence of the ‘worst offenders’, that is Spaniards, Portuguese, Dutch, British, French, Germans  and Belgians, it was their ideas had dominated and continue to dominate. Colonialism isn’t over by a long shot.

The United Nations (especially) is a colonizing entity. NATO (especially) is a colonizing entity. The European Union (especially) is a colonizing entity. The United States (especially) is a colonizing entity. Multinational corporations (especially) are a colonizing entity. And finally (for the purposes of this essay, but not exhaustively), International Law is a colonizing entity.

The habit of the colonizers has been to create unnatural, or artificial organisms of ‘state’ with a tendency to internal cultural conflict and, consequently, a potential for civil strife that can be manipulated. Example given, this had been the USA creating a single or contiguous block(s) of land or ‘reservations’ for indigenous tribes with a history of mutual hostility, as in case of the Cheyenne and Crow tribes forcibly settled together, to preoccupy those peoples and deflect any immediate, ongoing aspiration to self-determination (of the Cheyenne, particularly) following conquest.

You see this general model, in one form or another, throughout the supposedly ‘decolonized’ present day world; whether Sunni/Shia Iraq or, more recently, ethnic Serb/Albanian Kosovo or Serb/Muslim/Croatian Bosnia, where ‘international law’ enforced borders sustain unnatural cultural entities of state.

This creates potential for exploitable tensions. The result? The ‘former’ colonial powers self-justifying ongoing colonizing behaviors, whether NATO manipulating and controlling the breakup of the former Yugoslavia or the European Union imposing its will on Serbia in a subsequent coercion into an EU compliant Serbian state, with Germany and allies the thinly concealed neo-colonial powers. Old habits die hard. Alternatively, old colonizing habits don’t actually die but are morphed into several disguise with a new face concealing the same old demonic forces. Psychopathic-criminal cultures-personalities do not voluntarily surrender their business models, whether individuals or, collective entities comprised of the same.

The history is succinct. From egalitarian ‘pre-civilized‘ societies…

“One [story tells] about the male sun falling out with the female moon before settling their differences over who should illuminate the sky by agreeing to share the duty, one during the day and the other during the night. The story promotes sex equality and co-operation between the sexes, which is common among forager societies”

…to the rise of civilization creating a class society creating instability through wealth inequality…

“In the largest study of its kind, the researchers saw disparities in wealth mount with the rise of agriculture, specifically the domestication of plants and large animals, and increased social organization

“Draft animals, which were not available in the New World, let richer farmers till more land and expand into new areas. This increased their wealth while ultimately creating a class of landless peasants”

We see the present day manifestation of this immediate preceding in the European Union driving multiple tens of thousands of farmers off their land with ‘sanitary requirements’ and other restrictions and changes, in Poland it had been estimated…

“According to estimates from the Polish Peasants’ party, only 600,000 of the country’s 2m[illion] farms will survive the process of joining the EU”

In Romania

“The harsh truth is that Europe has little to offer farmers as small as Mr Danci. A farm of his size is not viable and he faces the choice of merging his holding into a co-operative, or leaving the land

“The driving force for all these changes is EU regulation, not market forces, Mr Lesan said. His customers are perfectly content with cheese produced to Romanian standards.

“Maybe 45 per cent of my producers simply won’t be able to meet EU standards”

What the European Union is actually doing is destroying sovereignty related to food…

* Peasants (not food corporations) feed the world: 70% of the world’s population is fed by the Peasant Food Web, using only 25% of resources.
* Industrial food production fails to feed: Only 24% of the food produced by the Industrial Food Chain actually reaches people – the rest is wasted in meat production inefficiencies; lost in transport, storage and at the household; and diverted to non-food products.
* Industrial food costs us more: For every dollar spent on industrial food, it costs another 2 dollars to clean up the mess ($8.56 trillion dollars in waste and damages).
* Industrial food production uses 2-3 times more fossil energy (up to 9 times more in the case of rice).
* Industrial food production is responsible for 85-90% of all agricultural greenhouse gas emissions, loses 75 billion tonnes of soil annually, narrows crop genetic diversity by 75% (and livestock diversity from almost 9000 breeds to only 100 drawn from only 5 species), and accelerates nutritional decline between 5-40%, depending on the species/breeds.
* Industrial food production’s poisons fail to work – only 1-5% of chemicals applied actually hit the target. The rest end up polluting soil, water, air, and human and animal consumers

…leading towards future German initiated-dominated “United States of Europe” with proposals from 2013, 2014, 2016, & 2017 leading to greater development increasing the levels of violence…

“the degree of destructiveness increases with the increased development of civilization, rather than the opposite. Indeed, the picture of innate destructiveness fits history much better than prehistory” -Erich Fromm, The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness

…which we have seen from historical times, most recently centered in Europe and associated Euro-centric or European cultural based countries, NATO would be prime example. This recent history is a rather good match to early ‘civilized’ development of societies and resultant wealth inequality; creating a modern equivalent to a landless class typically harvested for soldiers, offering a modicum lift from poverty, but not the social violence. Poverty is a necessary component to prop up the privileged in the hierarchy. Conflict creates poverty and suborns the real wealth of stability to the benefit of the unstable and artificially wealthy.

As example, one can make an educated projection of Germany suborning Serbia’s development to Germany’s advantage based on both developmental history (with USA complicity, Konrad Adenauer was responsible for major Nazi war criminal pardons) and practical history of the Konrad Adenauer Siftung with an office in Belgrade

Adenaeur-Siftung - 1

We cooperate with governmental institutions, political parties, civil society organizations and handpicked elites, building strong partnerships along the way. In particular we seek to intensify political cooperation in the area of development cooperation at the national and international levels on the foundations of our objectives and values”

…having essentially identical mission statement to Konrad Adenauer Siftung in Kiev…

The foundation supports democratic political parties in Ukraine and their youth organisations. Furthermore, our Kiev office provides a portal for Ukrainian politicians to maintain direct contacts to Germany and Europe. Additionally, an important part of our work is to foster young politicians and talented students”

…where it  has been established ‘color revolutionaries’ were not only educated by this ‘foundation’ aligned with Angela Merkel, but the same were known to be neo-fascists, Svoboda, a radical group, and actually (2014 coup) were put into power:

Party members appeared at events hosted by the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, the German political foundation affiliated with Chancellor Angela Merkel’s conservatives. Examples include the conference entitled “Lessons from the 2012 Parliamentary Elections,” the seminar series called “The Higher School of Politics”

It’s hard to imagine the Konrad Adenauer Siftung’s ‘civil society’ promotion of…

…groups whose thuggish young legions still sport a swastika-like symbol, whose leaders have publicly praised many aspects of Nazism and who venerate the World War II nationalist leader Stepan Bandera, whose troops occasionally collaborated with Hitler’s and massacred thousands of Poles and Jews.

“But scarier than these parties’ whitewashing of the past are their plans for the future. They have openly advocated that no Russian language be taught in Ukrainian schools, that citizenship is only for those who pass Ukrainian language and culture exams, that only ethnic Ukrainians may adopt Ukrainian orphans and that new passports must identify their holders’ ethnicity — be it Ukrainian, Pole, Russian, Jew or other”

…foretells anything good for Serbia. This, and the fact of Germany’s dominant position within the European Union, enforcing its economic will on large states like France, cannot speak to future success for small states like Serbia.

This is neo-colonialism and it begins with destroying national sovereignty with creating dependence; the avenue taken will be European Union regulations robbing the poorest of opportunity to market and creating a destitute class of peasants – by driving the small farmers off their land.

Meanwhile, tensions can be easily exploited with culturally unnatural borders, a classic method of colonizers, to distract from the robberies taking place within. Serbia is not only ripe for this, with the existing Serb majority communities within the north of Kosovo and along but inside the border with Bosnia, examples given, now with agents provocateur causing problems by stirring resentments between Orthodox and Muslim populations, to the disadvantage of both; both communities are exploited. This is typical work coordinated within intelligence agencies fronted by ‘civil society’ organizations.

Based on the Konrad Adenauer Siftung’s support for, and training of, neo-fascists who came to power in Ukraine via coup, I have to close this essay/assessment with dark humor concerning that foundation’s message at their Serbia office website, recalling this specific language:

We cooperate with governmental institutions, political parties, civil society organizations and handpicked elites, building strong partnerships along the way

This preceding, quoted, language points to subversion of the Serbian intelligentsia or educated class. Well, in Germany, you’re nobody if you’re not a ‘doctor’ (PhD) and that is so great a truism of this culture represented in the Konrad Adenauer Siftung covertly colonizing Serbia, one popular method of getting there is fraud:

PhD_German_Fraud - 1

“He’ll exchange only as many anonymous emails as absolutely necessary with his clients, but he can read between the lines. “These are people who have absolutely no intellectual ambitions,” he says. “One can tell from their spelling errors that they would never be able to get a Ph.D. the normal way.” But Arnig makes sure that they get one anyway…

“The drive for academic titles has also revealed the dark underbelly of rampant doctoral fraud, even in the government’s highest circles. Just last week German Education Minister Annette Schavan had her doctoral title stripped and was forced to step down when her university ruled that parts of her doctoral dissertation had been plagiarized. Two years ago the same things happened to then German Defense Minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg, who was rumored to have used a ghostwriter himself”

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